Vocabulary
Particles
Heat/Thermal Energy
Conductor/Insulators
Temperature
100

The total energy (potential and kinetic)

thermal Energy

100
Give an example of something that is cold
:) Ice
100

Thermal energy is the kind of energy that moves particles in matter, and it is felt as .

heat

100
Energy or heat moves easily through these materials
Conductor
100
Tool used to measure how hot or cold something is.
Thermometer
200

average kinetic energy in an object

temperature

200
Give an example of something that is hot
:) Coffee
200

One example of how to produce thermal energy without heat.

Rubbing things together (Friction)

200
Energy or heat CANNOT move easily through these materials
Insulator
200
In a liquid thermometer, ___________ makes the liquid inside expand and move up the tube. A. Thermal Energy B. Cold air C. Controlling Heat
A. Thermal Energy
300

what is thermodynamics

study of relationship between heat energy and work

300
Particles in hot things move ___________.
Quickly/fast
300
One example of how to produce thermal energy (heat). -____________ (fire)
Burning things
300
Give an example of a conductor
Metal pot, aluminum foil, spoons
300
The liquid in a thermometer moves up the tube when it gets hot because ____________.
It needs more space
400

First law of thermodynamics

energy can be transferred/transformed but not created and not destroyed

400
Particles in cold things move ___________.
Slowly
400

ANOTHER example of how to produce thermal energy (without heat- think chemistry). -mixing ____

Mixing Chemicals

400
Give an example of an insulator
Pizza delivery box, wooden spoon, hot pad
400
When the liquid in a thermometer sinks down the tube, it means that the particles are not moving as ____________.
Fast
500

second law of thermodynamics

energy spontaneously spreads from high concentrations to low

500
When something is hot, it ____________. When something cools, it _____________.
Expands, shrinks
500
Adding thermal energy can change particles in a liquid into a _______________.
Gas
500
Jessica is making scrambled eggs in a frying pan for breakfast. Is her frying pan a conductor or an insulator?
conductor
500
Give one scale used on a thermometer.
Celcius, Fahrenheit
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